PhD program information

DESCRIPTION

The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) program is a research-based program designed to prepare leaders for positions in the private and public sectors by enhancing knowledge and competencies appropriate to a leadership role in business, administration, and technology management. Upon completion of the PhD program, students are expected to have a broad knowledge in fields of business and technology management and an understanding of at least one specialized area of study.   A Ph.D. requires original ideas about a specialized topic, as well as a high degree of methodological/scientific rigor (Nelson, & Coorough, 1994). As is traditional in higher education, a Ph.D. is only awarded for a piece of work that will actually make a difference to the theoretical context of the field ‑‑‑ the Ph.D. dissertation is a new contribution to the body of knowledge.

Doctor of Philosophy in Business Administration Program Learning Outcomes

The program learning outcomes of the Doctor of Philosophy in Business Administration degree are:

  • support effective research methods and strategies as part of dissertation manuscript development;
  • interpret and evaluate conclusions derived from research in business administration and the student’s specialization;
  • adapt qualitative and quantitative tools to perform effective business analysis;
  • formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions to business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society; and
  • apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

Doctor of Philosophy in Business Administration Specializations

The Doctor of Philosophy of Business Administration (PhD) program emphasizes leadership preparation by providing a broad-based knowledge in the field of business with an understanding of at least one specialization area of study. This program is based upon scientific inquiry and independent research to create original contributions to the body of knowledge in Business. PhD Specializations are offered in the following areas:

  • Advanced Accounting
  • Applied Computer Science
  • Computer and Information Security
  • Criminal Justice
  • Financial Management
  • Health Care Administration
  • Homeland Security: Leadership & Policy
  • Human Resources Management
  • International Business
  • Management
  • Management of Engineering and Technology
  • Management Information Systems
  • Marketing
  • Project Management,
  • Public Administration
  • Two interdisciplinary Specializations
    • Industrial/Organizational Psychology (School of Psychology)
    • Organizational Leadership (School of Education).

Courses taken to satisfy the fundamental requirements may not be counted toward a specialization.

Students who complete at least 15 semester credit hours in a single area of specialization at Northcentral University (not counting fundamental courses) may elect to have the specialization recorded on their transcript and diploma.

Course Length

As of August 1st, 2011, all new students enrolling in the Business PhD program are automatically enrolled in courses that are eight weeks in length.  Students whose PhD program was in progress as of August 1st, 2011 will continue to be enrolled in courses that are twelve weeks in length.  These existing PhD students may opt to switch to eight-week courses by contacting their Academic Advisor.  Once an existing PhD student has opted for eight-week courses, they must receive approval from the Office of the Dean to switch back to a program of 12-week courses.  All eight-week courses are indicated by a “-8” (dash eight) at the end of the course code.

PhD Degree Requirements

Admission to the Doctorate programs requires a master’s degree from an accredited institution.

The University may accept a maximum of 12 semester credit hours in transfer toward the doctoral degree for graduate coursework completed at an accredited college or university with a grade of “B” or better.

The PhD degree programs in business have the following graduation requirements:

  • A minimum of 48 credit hours of graduate instruction must be completed through Northcentral
  • Grade Point Average of 3.0 (letter grade of “B”) or higher
  • Satisfactory completion of a Comprehensive Exam
  • University Approval of Dissertation Manuscript and Oral Defense completed
  • Submission of the approved final dissertation manuscript to the University Registrar, including the original unbound dissertation manuscript and an electronic copy
  • Official documents on file for basis of admission: a conferred master’s degree from an accredited academic institution
  • Official transcripts on file for all transfer credit hours accepted by the University
  • All financial obligations to the University paid in full

Fundamental Competencies for PhD Programs

All PhD students are required to demonstrate competency in these areas:

  • Graduate-Level Research Methods Competency – PhD students are required to complete BTM8102, BTM8103, BTM8104, BTM8106, BTM8107, BTM8108 and BTM8109 at Northcentral.
  • Graduate-Level Statistics Competency – PhD students are required to complete BTM8107 Statistics II at Northcentral.
  • Computer Competency – Doctoral students are required to have computer skills necessary for completing a dissertation.
    • Students must be able to prepare documents using advanced word processing skills (e.g., creation of tables and figures, headers and footers, page breaks, tables of contents, hanging indents).
    • Students must use computer programs for the statistical analysis of data (e.g., SAS).
    • Students must produce a computer-based presentation (e.g., PowerPoint) for their dissertation oral defense.

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Completion Period for Doctoral Degrees

Northcentral University allows 7 years to complete all doctoral programs.  Normal time to complete varies depending upon course take rate and credits transferred in.

Note: Normal time to completion is also based upon the policies in effect while students were active in their programs. On January 3, 2011 Northcentral implemented new continuous enrollment policies, which have decreased the expected time to completion. Additionally, on August 1, 2011, non-dissertation courses in the PhD-BA program were converted from 12 week courses to 8 week courses.

Students who are unable to complete a degree program within the stated time limits are dismissed. If a student believes they have extenuating circumstances they may document the circumstances and send a request for consideration to their respective School Dean or designee. Exceptions to the policy are determined on a case-by-case basis and are granted only once.

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Doctoral Dissertation Process

Faculty assist each Northcentral University Doctoral student to reach this high goal through a systematic process leading to a high-quality completed dissertation. A PhD dissertation is a scholarly documentation of research that makes an original contribution to the field of study. This process requires care in choosing a topic, documenting its importance, planning the methodology, and conducting the research. These activities lead smoothly into the writing and oral presentation of the dissertation.

A doctoral candidate must be continuously enrolled throughout the series of dissertation courses. If additional time is required to complete any of the dissertation courses, students must re-enroll and pay the tuition for that course. Continuous enrollment will only be permitted when students demonstrate progress toward completing dissertation requirements. The Dissertation Committee determines progress.

PhD Doctoral Course Sequence

Credit Hours – The PhD program may be completed in 60 credits.  Up to an additional 15 credit hours will be allowed as needed to complete dissertation research. Students who do not complete their program in 75 credit hours (not including Standard Curriculum courses) will be dismissed.

Basis of Admission – In order to enter the doctoral (PhD) program, applicants must have earned a master’s degree from an accredited university.

The PhD in Business requires the following courses for every specialization:

Click on the course name for description, click again to close.

Required Foundational Courses must be taken first and in sequence.

PhD Required Foundation Courses – 12 credit hours

BTM7101, BTM7101-8 Foundations for Doctoral Study in Business

This course is an orientation to Northcentral University and to the essential skills needed to pursue a doctoral degree in Business. Doctoral level skills, such as academic integrity, time management, effective use of the Northcentral Library, comprehending complex scholarly texts and research articles, and APA form and style in professional communication are also introduced. Students will complete the course with a better understanding of personal goals, strengths, and challenges, and a roadmap to navigate their way to completion of their educational aspirations.

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SKS7000, SKS7000-8 Doctoral Comprehensive Strategic Knowledge Studies

Students will analyze and apply knowledge in 12 business areas necessary to address a wide variety of business-related situations. The focus of the course is demonstrating core proficiencies in the following business areas: Marketing, Business Finance, Accounting, Management, Legal Environment of Business, Economics, Business Ethics, Global Dimensions of Business, Information Systems, Quantitative Techniques and Statistics, Leadership, and Business Applications. The intent is not to introduce these core business concepts, but rather to verify a graduate-level threshold competency within each. The course includes a comprehensive case study that will allow students to demonstrate their competency within all 12 professional component areas.

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BTM8104, BTM8104-8 Statistics I

This course provides an introductory exploration of statistics for the doctoral student. It includes instruction on the calculation, use, and interpretation of descriptive statistics, and introduces inferential statistical analysis. The emphasis of this course is on providing a working knowledge of basic statistical concepts to help the Student understand statistical methodology used in education, and also more generally, developing a working knowledge of statistical usage in everyday life.

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MGT7019, MGT7019-8 Ethics in Business

No longer are ethics and social responsibility, including the green movement, something organizations can ignore or do if they have funding left over at the end of the year. Ethics are required by local, state and federal legislation and today, more than ever, stakeholders at organizations are being held accountable for their actions and societal harm. Therefore, academic integrity must be carried out from the classroom to the place of business.  In a case study format, students in this course will learn about current laws, their application to business, and how to maintain an ethical perspective within the context of a global framework.

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The PhD in Business requires five specialization and six research courses, a total of 33 credit hours.

Specialization Course 1
BTM8102, BTM8102-8  Business Research Methodology

This Doctoral level course provides students with an overview of the research process, and an opportunity to learn about business research methodology and the components of a dissertation. The course will also provide the student with the opportunity to identify and develop a research topic, define a research problem, describe the purpose of the research study, and establish associated research question(s). The student will prepare a Topic Paper and a preliminary annotated bibliography for the dissertation topic in the Signature Assignment.

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Specialization Course 2
BTM8103, BTM8103-8  Research Design

In this course, the Student acquires the basic skills necessary for the interpretation and application of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research. The student will examine the formal research process carefully, with an emphasis on practical applications and skill development. Critical concepts and principles intrinsic to research paradigms, study designs, and methods of inquiry are presented to empower the student’s ability to formulate and respond to research questions. The resources listed below from the Northcentral University Dissertation Center are critical resources throughout the whole research process – students are highly encouraged to become deeply familiar with the resources from the Northcentral University Dissertation Center.

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Specialization Course 3
BTM8108, BTM8108-8  Qualitative Research Design

This course is an examination of qualitative methods for studying human behavior including grounded theory, narrative analysis, ethnography, mixed methods, and case studies.

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Specialization Course 4
BTM8107, BTM8107-8  Statistics II

Doctoral Students in this advanced course will address statistical techniques that may be useful for analyzing quantitative data in a dissertation. Topics include Multivariate Analysis, Multiple Regression Analysis, Log-Linear Analysis, Logistic Analysis, Factor Analysis, Structural Equation Models (Two Stage Least Squares) and Time Series Analysis. Students will use SPSS and/or SAS to conduct statistical analysis. Assessment will be through a series of problems designed to demonstrate competence in techniques and a number of advanced data analysis projects.

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Specialization Course 5
BTM8106, BTM8106-8  Quantitative Research Design

Prerequisites:  BTM8102, BTM8104

This course provides students with the skills essential for designing experimental, quasi-experiment, and survey studies; analyzing the data collected in these studies, and interpreting the results of data analyses. Students will explore designs and statistical techniques to use with their envisioned dissertation research.

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BTM8109, BTM8109-8 Planning Dissertation Research in Business

Students in this course will begin the process of writing a dissertation for a research or professional doctorate. The course will address the University dissertation process and aids to successfully complete a dissertation, including self-care and time management.

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Doctoral Comprehensive Examination (PhD) – 3 credit hours

CMP9500B Doctoral Comprehensive Examination – Business (PhD)

In their pursuit of any doctoral degree (PhD, DBA, or EdD) at Northcentral University, students gain expertise in their academic discipline and in one or more specializations that complement their academic discipline. The Doctoral Comprehensive Examination is intended to assure that students have mastered knowledge of their discipline before candidacy status is achieved and research in support of their dissertation is initiated. The Doctoral Comprehensive Examination is taken following the completion of all content and Research courses. This course is graded using Satisfactory (S), In Progress (IP), and Unsatisfactory (U) grading criteria. The Doctoral Comprehensive Examination must be successfully completed with an ””S” grade prior to beginning any Dissertation Research course. The exam is twelve weeks.

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**Dissertation Courses – 12 credit hours

DIS9501B Doctoral Dissertation Research I

In this course sequence, students work progressively on completing each doctoral dissertation milestone toward the completion of the PhD degree. These milestones include Committee and University approval of a dissertation concept paper, a dissertation proposal paper, an approved IRB application by the Northcentral University Institutional Review Board, the collection and analysis of research data, the preparation and approval of the final dissertation manuscript, and the successful completion of the oral defense. Courses are taken continually and sequentially until all dissertation milestones have been completed. Throughout these courses, students often work independently but are required to be in communication with the Chair of their Dissertation Committee at least once a month. These courses are graded utilizing Satisfactory (S) and Unsatisfactory (U) as the grading criteria.

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DIS9502B Doctoral Dissertation Research II

In this course sequence, students work progressively on completing each doctoral dissertation milestone toward the completion of the PhD degree. These milestones include Committee and University approval of a dissertation concept paper, a dissertation proposal paper, an approved IRB application by the Northcentral University Institutional Review Board, the collection and analysis of research data, the preparation and approval of the final dissertation manuscript, and the successful completion of the oral defense. Courses are taken continually and sequentially until all dissertation milestones have been completed. Throughout these courses, students often work independently but are required to be in communication with the Chair of their Dissertation Committee at least once a month. These courses are graded utilizing Satisfactory (S) and Unsatisfactory (U) as the grading criteria.

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DIS9503B Doctoral Dissertation Research III

In this course sequence, students work progressively on completing each doctoral dissertation milestone toward the completion of the PhD degree. These milestones include Committee and University approval of a dissertation concept paper, a dissertation proposal paper, an approved IRB application by the Northcentral University Institutional Review Board, the collection and analysis of research data, the preparation and approval of the final dissertation manuscript, and the successful completion of the oral defense. Courses are taken continually and sequentially until all dissertation milestones have been completed. Throughout these courses, students often work independently but are required to be in communication with the Chair of their Dissertation Committee at least once a month. These courses are graded utilizing Satisfactory (S) and Unsatisfactory (U) as the grading criteria.

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DIS9504B  

Doctoral Dissertation Research IV

In this course sequence, students work progressively on completing each doctoral dissertation milestone toward the completion of the PhD degree. These milestones include Committee and University approval of a dissertation concept paper, a dissertation proposal paper, an approved IRB application by the Northcentral University Institutional Review Board, the collection and analysis of research data, the preparation and approval of the final dissertation manuscript, and the successful completion of the oral defense. Courses are taken continually and sequentially until all dissertation milestones have been completed. Throughout these courses, students often work independently but are required to be in communication with the Chair of their Dissertation Committee at least once a month. These courses are graded utilizing Satisfactory (S) and Unsatisfactory (U) as the grading criteria.

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**Dissertation Research – A minimum of four dissertation research courses must be completed in order to complete the program.  Up to an additional five dissertation research courses (DIS9505 through DIS9509) may be taken if the dissertation requirements are not completed in DIS9504B.

Note: The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) requires a minimum of 60 credit hours post-master’s with a maximum of 75 credit hours, depending on the time required to complete the dissertation research.

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PhD Specializations

Health Care Administration Specialization

This specialization develops essential perspectives and skills for application of theoretical and research-based health care industry management issues. The specialization prepares students for problem identification and resolution, analysis and intervention as administrative issues, and recognition of the constraints and limitations to intervention and change in delivery systems. Students in this specialization will focus on strategic planning in health care and managed systems, comparative health care system analysis, and examine strategies related to total quality management in health care.

Health Care Administration Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Evaluate the theories, research, and ethical parameters guiding healthcare administration; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for HCA – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

HCA7012, HCA7012-8 Health Care Industry and Financial Management  

This doctoral course focuses on an enhanced level of understanding of what it takes to captain healthcare organizations through these tough financial times. Mastery of course concepts require demonstration of critical thinking and communication skills by a combination of APA Style research papers, self-assessments, quantitative reasoning, and observations, interviews, and written assignments.

HCA7013, HCA7013-8 Legal and Ethical Issues in Health Care Research Management  

This course is designed for doctoral students with a focus on research management and ethics within the health care industry. Using cases and examples, the first part of the course focuses on major management and leadership issues and the second part deals with legal and ethically relevant matters. These may include research methods, various publishing and authorship issues, conflicts of interest and misconduct, human subjects, intellectual property, and data manipulation.

HCA7014, HCA7014-8 Advanced Concepts and Applications in Health Policy and
Management  

This comprehensive Doctoral level course focuses on key principles and practices of health care management, planning, and policy-making. Students will study key principles of the historical development, structure, and operation of the health care delivery system and will explore the way health care is delivered, the role of policy formulation, and health care resource and ethical considerations. Mastery of course concepts requires demonstration of critical thinking and communication.

HCA7015, HCA7015-8 Health Care Educational Theory and Application  

In this doctoral course, students evaluate the present the health care delivery system and educational theories. This course utilizes the student’s skills in comprehension, analysis, and synthesis to integrate these frameworks in the design and evaluation of health care industry. Mastery of course concepts requires demonstration of critical thinking and communication skills by a combination of research papers, self-assessments, quantitative reasoning, interviews, observations, case studies, written assignments or other activities.

HCA7019, HCA7019-8 Managerial Leadership within Managed Health Care Systems  

HCA7020, HCA7020-8 Global Issues in Health Care Policy and Management  

This advanced doctoral course will address the global issues of health care policy and management with particular emphasis to the global perspectives. These global perspectives are both comparative and trans-national. Thus, the focus will compare the ethical approaches to health system issues in various countries on informed consent, refusal of treatment, physician-assisted suicide, and reproductive health. Finally, the course will deal with U.S. health professionals and organizations providing services in other countries.

HCA7022, HCA7022-8 Health Care Strategic Management  

This doctoral course examines the integration of business and functional plans, performance audits, organizational culture, gap analysis, and values clarification. Students will conduct analysis of current and future trends and issues affecting health care are reviewed in the context of visioning, strategic planning, and tactical planning. The student will be assessed on the critical importance of strategic management and planning within the dynamic, complex, and evolving nature of the health care industry.

 **Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

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OTHER SPECIALTIES

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Advanced Accounting Specialization

This specialization provides students with application of a broad accounting perspective and research based accounting knowledge, enabling the exploration of relationships among business activities, economic outcomes, business performance and forensic analysis. Students will be able to meet the demand for advanced analysis of management and organization of business transactions and statements related to the assets, liabilities, and operating results of business enterprises, nonprofit organizations, and higher education instruction.

Advanced Accounting Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Evaluate advanced techniques of accounting analysis to manage and control future trends in the business operation; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for ACC – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

ACC7000, ACC7000-8 Advanced Managerial Accounting

This course focuses on formulating, evaluating and interpreting accounting information for managerial decision making. Topics covered include product costing, activity-based costing, profit planning, standard costing, flexible budgeting, target costing, cost-volume-profit analysis, cost management, and capital budgeting.  Managerial accountants support management and often provide information needed to make business decisions.  During this course students will identify, recognize, and develop an understanding of recent developments affecting the field of managerial accounting that have been especially driven by the impact of the globalization of business activities.   Managerial accountants can no longer complete tasks the way they have always been done. Businesses need more accurate cost information if they are to compete effectively within the global economy.

ACC7010, ACC7010-8 Advanced Accounting and Fraud Examination Techniques

This course examines the nature of fraud in a business setting.   Topics explored include prevention, detection, and investigation, and the resolution of cases of fraud that may be found in the corporate world.  The course will help differentiate types of fraud found in organizational management and consumer instances, as well as other possible fraudulent acts, and how to react to discovered fraud as an auditing interest.  Delineation on how, why, and what to do when fraud is uncovered in a corporation will also be discussed.

ACC7015, ACC7015-8 Advanced Forensic Accounting Theory and Practice

This course reviews the role of the forensic accountant in investigations and audits. Topics covered are: the legal environment, Sarbanes-Oxley Act Of 2002, audit and investigation, dispute resolution and litigation services, information security, financial statement, and tax fraud.  Students will emerge from the course with an understanding of the roles of forensic accountants and familiarity with their tools and practices.

ACC7020, ACC7020-8 Advanced Accounting for Non-Profit Organizations

This doctoral level course provides an in-depth review of the accounting principles and practices used in not-for-profit organizations, with an emphasis on governmental accounting practices.   The course also covers accounting principles and practices specific to hospitals, colleges and universities, health and welfare agencies, and similar organizations.  Enabling practitioners to establish logical framework for understanding, analyzing and solving the accounting challenges of non-profit organizations is stressed.

ACC7025, ACC7025-8 Advanced Tax Strategies

This doctoral level course examines vital aspects of the U.S. federal tax system.  It includes coverage of important tax concepts and principles, such as planning and compliance, individual income taxes, partnerships, corporate, estate and gift taxation, and trusts.  Coverage of these concepts serves as a foundation for developing effective income tax strategies.

ACC7030, ACC7030-8 Advanced Auditing Methods and Practice

This doctoral level course examines auditing theory and the application of auditing standards and methods in practice settings. These include auditing and assurance services, audit planning, substantive testing, and internal control evaluation. The evidence and procedures used by external auditors and how they report on financial statements are also examined.

ACC7035, ACC7035-8 Advanced Accounting Theory and Policy

ACC7040, ACC7040-8 Advanced International Accounting

This doctoral level course examines international accounting practices, theory, and issues. These include harmonization of financial reporting and auditing, comparative accounting, translation, international taxation, transfer pricing and strategic accounting issues in multinational corporations. Special attention will be given to the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards

ACC7045, ACC7045-8 Advanced Cost Accounting

This course provides an analysis of strategic cost management and focuses on measuring and managing costs in environments where real world economic decision making takes place based on accounting information. Topics covered include analyzing and managing costs, activity based management, process and cost allocation, planning, decision making, and evaluating performance.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Applied Computer Science Specialization

Research and development is at the forefront of rapid changes in technology. To maintain a competitive edge, business and research institutions look for leaders who possess advanced knowledge of contemporary computer science methods. This specialization provides preparation for professional careers emphasizing research and development leadership and technology.

Applied Computer Science Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Assess strategies for effective design and appropriate application in designing computing systems; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for CS – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

CS7001, CS7001-8 C# Programming for Doctoral Research

Technology is a pervasive medium for advanced research, which results in the need for the ability to extend software applications to provide complementary research techniques. The Corporation Information Officer (CIO) is an example of a new executive role that has emerged as a result of this growth, requiring specialized advanced education in the Information Technology field. Students in this course would analyze, design, and develop programs in C# that can specifically be used for applications in business and research.  Students will be evaluated on final research projects, and case studies of businesses who have written business applications using C++ programming to maximize returns.

CS7002, CS7002-8 C++ Programming for Doctoral Research

Technology is a pervasive medium for business application development and for advanced research, which results in the need for the ability to extend software applications to provide complementary research techniques. The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is an example of a new executive role that has emerged as a result of this growth, requiring specialized advanced education in the Information Technology field. Students in this course analyze, design and develop programs in C++ that can specifically be used for applications in doctoral research. Students will be evaluated on technical research projects, and case studies in the business areas using database applications.

CS7005, CS7005-8 Complex Database Management Systems

The database administration field continues to grow exponentially, requiring executives and workers to hold advanced knowledge regarding network architecture and current technologies. The Corporation Information Officer (CIO) is an example of a new executive role that has emerged as a result of this growth, requiring specialized advanced education in the Information Technology field. This course analyzes network architecture and design, including such topics as WAN, LAN, Wireless, and other leading edge technologies in network architecture from an executive perspective, exploring emerging case study applications of contemporary database software applications. Students will be evaluated on technical research projects, and case studies applied in the business areas using database applications.

CS7006, CS7006-8 Advanced Networking Technologies for Technology Leaders

Network Administration focuses on the network administrator. The Network Administrator will concentrate on the overall health of the network, server deployment, security, and ensuring that the network connectivity throughout a company’s LAN/WAN infrastructure is on par with technical considerations at the network level of an organization’s hierarchy. This course will focus on topics such as computer, network and server security and other technologies in network architecture. Evaluation of peer reviewed journal articles will include case studies, and projects.

CS7009, CS7009-8 Advanced Topics in Management Information Systems

The Information Technology field continues to grow exponentially, requiring students to hold advanced knowledge regarding contemporary applications of information technology and systems. This doctoral course explores advanced topics including concepts, applications, and future directions of Management Information Systems and their development. Students will be evaluated on final research projects, and case studies of businesses which have created various Management Information Systems to maximize benefits.

CS7010, CS7010-8 Advanced Topics in Network Communications

The Information Technology (IT) field continues to grow exponentially, requiring candidates to hold advanced knowledge regarding contemporary applications of client server Web architecture. The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is an example of a new executive role that has emerged as a result of this growth, requiring specialized advanced education in the IT field. This course explores advanced topics in Network Architecture and Technology, including concepts, applications, and future directions regarding the development of networks for business systems. Students will be evaluated on final research projects, and case studies of businesses, performing an analysis against various Network Architecture and Technology topographies to maximize systems performances.

CS7013, CS7013-8 Programming Language Fundamentals for Technology Leaders

This doctoral course explores advanced topics regarding Programming Languages and Principles, including concepts, applications, and future directions regarding business systems development. The Information Technology field continues to grow exponentially, requiring executives to hold advanced knowledge regarding contemporary applications of programming languages and principles. The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is an example of a new executive role that has emerged as a result of this growth, requiring specialized leadership education in the Information Technology field. In order to assume this role, the CIO must understand the basics of programming and programming language design.

CS7014, CS7014-8 Software Engineering Fundamentals for Technology Leaders

This course will help students recognize the importance of modeling associated with software development. Software Engineers, System Architects, Computer Programmers, and Information Technology Programmers will benefit from this Course by becoming familiars with the processes Technology Leaders plan and manage prior to the design and implementation stage of software.

CS7015, CS7015-8 Distributed Computing Fundamentals for Technology Leaders

This doctoral course provides for a professional understanding of the value and uses of Distributed Computing systems, architectures, and processes aimed to assist with meeting the business and financial needs of an organization. This course is designed for students who want an overview of designing systems that connect with multiple systems. This course provides students with a synthesis regarding the ways in which architects, artists, and engineers might develop a system aimed to enhance end-user satisfaction. The course concentrates on providing the tools needed for the mastery of the Distributed Computing concepts and terms, which are important for all managers who communicate with technologists to gain an understanding how Distributed Computer systems contribute to the organization as well as the business processes.

MIS7005, MIS7005-8 IT Network Architecture

This course provides a professional understanding of the value and uses of information systems architectures and processes aimed to improve the overall performances of an organization. This course is designed for students who want an overview of designing an enterprise architecture, computer networks, systems applications, and information systems processes. This course provides students with a synthesis regarding the ways in which technologists might develop an enterprise network architecture to improve application accessibility, data storage, and management, communications, and business processes. The course concentrates on providing the tools needed for mastery of enterprise network architecture concepts and terms, which are important for all managers who communicate with technologists about business-related planning that aims to improve enterprise network systems.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Computer and Information Security Specialization

This specialization responds to the demand in business and industry for computer security professionals who are trained in cyber-terrorism, computer forensics and computer security. The specialization focuses on developing best practices for forensic investigations and evidence handling, federal and state privacy, intellectual property, search and seizure process, and cyber-crime laws. Students study current techniques in data preservation, identification, and extraction and perform forensic analysis of systems using popular examination toolkits.

Computer and Information Security Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Formulate strategic solutions for possible breaches of information assets from a variety of threats; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for CIS – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

CIS7002, CIS7002-8 Organizations Corporate Computer and Network Security

Technology is a pervasive medium for business application development and for advanced research, which results in the need for the ability to extend software applications to provide complementary research techniques. The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is an example of a new executive role that has emerged as a result of this growth, requiring specialized advanced education in the Information Technology field. Students in this course analyze, design and develop programs in C++ that can specifically be used for applications in doctoral research. Students will be evaluated on technical research projects, and case studies in the business areas using database applications.

CIS7003, CIS7003-8 Cyber Forensics

In this doctoral level course, students will be introduced to the field of advanced cyber forensics. Students will have the opportunity to review various tools, techniques and steps needed for a successful forensic investigation. In addition, students will examine various legal regulations that impact the collection of data, the importance of federal rules of evidence, and the critical requirement of evidence admissibility in a court of law.

CIS7004, CIS7004-8 Foundations of Systems Certification and Accreditation

This course examines the guidelines for understanding, building and evaluating a successful organizational certification and accreditation program. This course examines several aspects of the certification and accreditation processes which include the necessary phases, system security plans, risk assessment, security procedures, certification testing, and documentation of accreditation decisions. The coordination of security for interconnected systems will also be examined to assist in applying best practices in the system certification and accreditation processes.

CIS7005, CIS7005-8 Critical Infrastructure Protection, Information Warfare, and Cyber Terrorism

This course will examine critical infrastructure protection of Information warfare and its impacts and in the evolving U.S. policy response to attacks. Analyze Cyber terrorism which is an emerging new mode of information warfare underscoring the perpetrators’ deliberate exploitation of civilian and military systems’ inherent vulnerabilities, thereby affecting national and global security.

CIS7006, CIS7006-8 Foundations of Computer Network Auditing

This doctoral level course will enable students to analyze the foundations of Information Technology (IT) auditing and control. Students will evaluate the role of IT governance and how it may apply to new and existing systems. This course will help Students to understand application system life cycle risks, analyze auditing of global IT operations, and assess the legal environment and how organizations conduct due care and follow best practices when auditing IT systems.

CIS7007, CIS7007-8 Information Security and Outsourcing Computer Systems

Evaluates the risks related to information technology outsourcing, exploring how to recognize, examine, minimize, and manage these risks. The costs and benefits in the areas of information technology today, namely outsourcing and security will be examined. The course heightens the awareness of the many complex and confusing issues that organizations need to identify, quantify and analyze to make the right outsourcing decisions while ensuring that security matters have been fully addressed and accounted for. The students will be able to successfully analyze the tangible and intangible costs and benefits associated with and off shoring information technologies and Information Security functions which will in turn assist in making business and technical decisions.

CIS7008, CIS7008-8 Advanced Risk Management in Information Assurance and Security

Students in this course will review information assurance and security concepts that impact the information technology (IT) industry as whole. The challenges associated with assessing and implementing computer security are a global issue. In this course, an overview of the subject of information technology system security will be presented including the nature of risk and its application to information system security, threats, and vulnerabilities. The student will be required to strive for the highest levels of knowledge in the field of risk management and information assurance.

CIS7009, CIS7009-8 Information Assurance from Legal and Ethical Issues

This course will review information assurance concepts from both legal and ethical viewpoints and how they impact Information Technology (IT) professionals. Students will carefully examine how IT professionals utilize ethical decision making techniques with regards to IT security, common types of computer security attacks, privacy protection, the impact of IT on the quality of life, freedom of expression, intellectual property, employer and employee relations, and other key ethical issues.

CIS7010, CIS7010-8 Disaster Recovery and Contingency Planning for the Security
Professional

The attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001 (9/11) brought organizational disaster recovery strategy into the spotlight. This course provides students with the background knowledge and skills they need to develop effective disaster prevention and recovery capabilities in various organizations. Students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the principles of disaster recovery planning for physical security consideration, host applications, and network security measures.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Criminal Justice Specialization

This specialization explores research in the dynamics connecting distinct legal traditions and codes operating within local, State, Federal, and multinational organizations and international resources at home and abroad. This specialization focuses on developing advanced competencies required for leadership positions in criminal justice, law enforcement, corrections, teaching or private consulting fields.

Criminal Justice Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Hypothesize and design solutions to real life problems within the criminal justice system; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for CJ – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

CJ7002, CJ7002-8 Delinquency and Criminal Justice

In past years the Justice Department has reported a significant increase in violence among teenagers and other youths. This increase appears to have contributed to a nationwide crime spike. The Justice Department has highlighted gangs and gun violence as primary factors affecting the rise in crime. This course examines the causes of this increase in juvenile delinquency including social, economic, and cultural factors. Students will explore national strategies to address this issue, their effectiveness and future application.

CJ7004, CJ7004-8 Organized Criminal Gangs

This Doctoral level course provides a comprehensive review of organized crime. Gangs have fostered a culture of violence, perversion and hate. This course will review gang organizational traits, traditions, criminal activities, violence, prison gang structure, the Ku Klux Klan, and other white supremacy groups. An in-depth examination will be conducted into the connection of organized crime in the United States to other nations and world-wide organizations, including organized crime in Russia and Latin America.

CJ7006, CJ7006-8 Illegal Maritime Activities

For centuries the maritime realm has been used by smugglers, fishermen, pirates and others engaged in illegal activity. Despite increased security efforts, maritime threats and vulnerability remain sources of concern for the world’s Maritime Transportation System. This Doctoral level course explores the issues of illegal narcotic and migrant smuggling as they relate to the maritime environment.

CJ7007, CJ7007-8 Criminal Justice Research Methods

This course provides the student with a solid theoretical structure that underlies empirical analysis. The objective of the course is to provide the student with the skill set to interpret, analyze, synthesize and compare professional published research. Research design, measurement selection, data collection, determination of causality, data and results interpretation, and ethics will be contributed to the understanding, interpreting, and critical evaluation of research studies and findings in criminal justice.

CJ7009, CJ7009-8 Institutional Corrections

This course will examine, in depth, the state of the American Penal System from minimum security ””work camps”, which are free of guard towers, search lights and fences to the nation’s most famous maximum security prison Super Max. The course begins with a history of jails in America and follows their development to the modern era including the atrocities of Abu Ghraib.

CJ7010, CJ7010-8 Effective Police Tactics, Techniques and Methodologies

This course will examine police tactics, techniques and methodologies exposing the student to “best practices” including evidence collection, psychological profiling, agency collaboration and jurisdictional requirements. The student will develop a keen understanding of the latest techniques and technologies which may be employed in a criminal case as well as the research and development techniques used to generate new tactics and methodologies with a primary focus on forensic science.

CJ7011, CJ7011-8 Ethics and Criminal Justice

The doctoral level course provides a comprehensive review local, state and federal law enforcement officers are entrusted with enforcing our criminal justice laws while upholding the constitutional principles and general principles of ethics and integrity. This course will explore the ethical challenges that are faced by police officers at various levels of command and the systems in place to prevent unethical practices by law enforcement.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Financial Management Specialization

This specialization concentrates on research and development analyses used to manage and allocate financial resources and develop effective strategic planning for projection and ROI issues. Students will analyze financial and non-financial organizations – private, public, and corporate. The specialization focuses on international financial issues, quality concepts in financial management, and accounting for profit/nonprofit organizations.

Financial Management Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Assess financial statements and related metrics for business analyses;
  • Analyze and use risk metrics for managing financial institutions; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for FIN – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

FIN7012, FIN7012-8 Advanced Corporate Finance

This course examines advanced components of corporate finance with an emphasis on theories that shape the decision-making process. Through the analysis of various concepts, the student will gain an understanding how corporate decision makers, use financial reports, manage investments based on supply and demand, and build relations with external stakeholders. This course will help the student relate to the decisions made by the principal, owners, and corporate managers to reduce risks and debt and increase return on investments.

FIN7013, FIN7013-8 Investment Portfolio Analysis

This doctoral course examines the theoretical and technical concepts involved in investing in marketable securities, probabilistic forecasting, risk analysis, factor models and Arbitrage Pricing Theory, Portfolio insurance, and International investment. Final assessment will encompass developing a framework for making intelligent investment decisions and achieving successful investment results is developed.

FIN7014, FIN7014-8 Managing Financial Institutions

This course examines the most important advanced components of financial institutions with an emphasis on topics more closely related to academic research. The course includes an examination of advanced content as well as relevant academic papers. The student is required to develop some in-depth papers on the primary academic topics within financial institutions. Moreover, the student will be reviewing and assessing relevant academic papers to better prepare the student to potentially write papers within this area of finance. The course begins with an analysis of the financial system and financial institutions. It continues with an examination of financial statements for financial institutions. It provides a careful examination of interest rate risk and credit risk. Next the course studies derivative securities for financial institutions. The course finishes with a thorough examination of an academic paper and then the development of a presentation on financial institutions.

FIN7015, FIN7015-8 Advanced Financial Statement Analysis

This course examines the most important advanced components of financial statement analysis with an emphasis on topics more closely related to academic research. The course includes an examination of advanced content as well as relevant academic papers. The student is required to develop some in-depth papers on the primary academic topics within financial statement analysis. Moreover, the student will be reviewing and assessing relevant academic papers to better prepare the student to potentially write papers within this area of finance. The course begins with an analysis of the balance sheet and income statement. It continues with an examination of financial ratios. It provides a careful examination of common size statements. Next the course studies the decomposition analysis and the impacts of financial leverage.

FIN7016, FIN7016-8 Financial Management for International Business

This Doctoral level course examines advanced components of international finance with an emphasis on topics more closely related to academic research. The course includes an examination of advanced content as well as relevant academic papers. The student is required to develop in-depth papers on the primary academic topics within international finance. Moreover, the student will be reviewing and assessing relevant academic papers to better prepare the student to compose potentially publishable papers within this area of finance. The course begins with an analysis of the global financial environment. It continues with an examination of the foreign exchange market and an examination of the issues involved with managing foreign exchange risk. Students will then explore global financing and investment decisions. The course finishes with a thorough examination of an academic paper and the development of a presentation on international finance

FIN7018, FIN7018-8 Accounting and Control for Nonprofit Organizations

This Doctoral level course is important for the advanced financial and accounting professional to better understand the planning and control systems within nonprofit organizations. This course provides a complete review of the accounting principles and practices used in Not-for-Profit organizations with a heavy focus on governmental accounting practices. The course materials on accounting principles and practices can be applied to hospitals, colleges and universities, health and welfare agencies, and other similar organizations. The course includes issues related to decision ethics and planning and budgeting for these types of organizations. The course assessments include exams, cases, problem solving, and written research narratives.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

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Homeland Security: Leadership & Policy (HS) Specialization

This specialization prepares senior leaders of public administration, law enforcement, public safety, and emergency medical care and disaster preparedness agencies for executive leadership positions in the field of homeland security. This specialization focuses on rigorous research exploring advanced concepts and methods, and applying theory and emerging concepts through innovative approaches to complex problems. Students may choose from a variety of courses in terrorism, strategy, intelligence, emergency management, and critical infrastructure security issues.

Homeland Security: Leadership & Policy Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Interpret and evaluate conclusions derived from research into the causes and methods of mitigating, responding to, and recovering from manmade and natural disasters; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for HS – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

HS7000, HS7000-8 Homeland Security and Terrorism

This Doctoral level course serves as an introduction to the study of homeland security and will provide an overview of the practical discipline including readings on the various government agencies involved in different aspects of homeland security. The course will also include an overview of the terrorist threat faced today and an examination of how that threat came into being.

HS7004, HS7004-8 Emergency Management and Civil Preparedness

In this course, students will analyze the operations and preparedness of local emergency management systems and their ability to respond to natural and manmade disasters. Students will learn how the Incident Command System functions and use it to plan the use of emergency response organizations. Students will explain and assess local community capabilities to maintain the safety of their populations and the processes through which local emergency response agencies can request assistance.

HS7010, HS7010-8 Aviation and Ground Transportation Security

In this Doctoral level course, students will closely examine the aviation, ground, and maritime transportation networks with regard to the security demands now placed on them. The course assignments include the exploration of the actual threat to each industry with regard to the appropriate counterterrorism measures within each component from a domestic and global perspective. Regulatory agencies, both domestic and international will be reviewed in conjunction with international treaties.

HS7013, HS7013-8 Intelligence and Law Enforcement

In this Doctoral level course, students will take a critical look at the integration of intelligence operations and law enforcement in the realm of homeland security. Topics will also include the composition of the U.S. intelligence community, roles of various U.S. intelligence agencies, and issues facing the U.S. intelligence community. The course provides the knowledge necessary to effectively utilize strategic intelligence in the law enforcement and public safety realm.

HS7014, HS7014-8 Strategy, Resiliency, and Coping with Fear

In this Doctoral level course students will have an opportunity to gain a conceptual understanding of the meanings of strategy, national interests, elements of power, and asymmetric threats. Students also will explore the meaning of the concept of resiliency as well as how terrorists use fear to their advantage. An understanding of these concepts will aid any homeland security professional in performing their duties and protecting the populace.

HS7020, HS7020-8 Security of the Maritime Transportation System

The asymmetric threat posed by maritime terrorism has become an increasing concern to security experts throughout the world. This Doctoral level course explores the world of maritime terrorism. The course provides students an opportunity to analyze a variety of risk issues, key challenges, and both national and international strategies including the International Maritime Organization’s International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) Code.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Human Resources Management Specialization

This specialization explores the interrelationships between human resource capital, leadership, and business organization. Students research theory and practice for HRM information systems, compensation and staffing strategies, training and professional development, cultural diversity, innovation, labor relations, and legal issues in HRM.

PhD Specialization Courses for HRM – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

HRM7000, HRM7000-8 Human Resources Management

This Doctoral level course focuses on the development of the human resource function in organizations. While understanding and management of human behavior within organizations is necessary for optimal organizational effectiveness and individual performance, strategic planning to achieve organizational goals through the human resource function is recognized.

HRM7001, HRM7001-8 Information Systems within HR

This doctoral course focuses on the identification, development, implementation, and practical use of information systems technology within the human resource function in organizations. While understanding and management of human behavior in organizations is necessary for optimal organizational effectiveness and individual outcomes, proper use and functionality of Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS) are vital in today’s organizations.

HRM7002, HRM7002-8 Compensation and Benefits

This doctoral course explores the concepts of extrinsic and intrinsic compensation in the management of today’s diverse and global workforce. The decisions made in these areas, related to compensation and benefits at the Executive and the employee level, can directly impact the strategic nature and direction of the organization.

HRM7003, HRM7003-8 Labor Relations

In this course, students will explore all aspects of labor relations from a human resources perspective. This will include the history, structure, politics, processes, and relationships associated with bargaining units (unions). Students will examine how unions can change attitudes and behaviors of management and employees, as well as the benefits and challenges to working in a human resources position in a unionized environment.

HRM7004, HRM7004-8 Supervising in the 21st Century

*Prerequisites:

Fundamental requirement in General Management

This doctoral course examines supervisory concepts, laws, regulations and HRM practices used in the 21st Century. Students will be assessed on responses to subject matter-related activities and written research papers.

HRM7006, HRM7006-8 Change and Innovation within HRM

This doctoral course looks at the multiple levels of employment, including management, full-time employees, part-time employees, temporary employees, and contracted employees based on the passage and interpretation of laws, whether at the federal, state, or local level. Policies such as employment-at-will, right to work, or termination, and other regulations can change with an act of Congress or a state legislature.

HRM7007, HRM7007-8 Cultural Issues

This doctoral course demonstrates the uniqueness of culture and its impact on all aspects of organizational operations. This includes such aspects as diversity, global transitioning, accommodations, and cross-national teamwork. Twenty-first century managers must be astutely aware of how cultural issues impact work and ability to gain competitive advantage.

HRM7008, HRM7008-8 Legal Issues in Human Resources Management

This doctoral course considers the relationships that are established between employers, employees, and independent contractors based on the passage and interpretation of laws, whether at the federal, state, or local level. Policies such as employment-at-will, right to work, or termination, and other regulations can change with an act of Congress or a state legislature.

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**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Industrial/Organizational Psychology Specialization

(Interdisciplinary)

This specialization explores the application of industrial and organizational psychology and management theory to the understanding of people in work environment. In this interdisciplinary specialization, students complete courses in the School of Business and the School of Psychology in order to develop competencies in theory, research, and applications of psychology related to human behavior in organizations. Students conduct advanced research related to the application of organizational and psychological theory to human resource management.

Industrial Organizational Psychology Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Evaluate the use of psychological principles as applied to personal, social, and organizational issues; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for IOP – 15 credit hours

Select 4 courses from the following courses (12 credit hours):

IOP8400, IOP8400-8 Industrial/Organizational Psychology

This course focuses on how psychological principles are applied in work settings. Current models, theories, and research in Industrial/Organizational (I/O) Psychology will be explored. The role of attitude and motivation, as well as group factors and leadership in forming a social context for work will also be addressed.

IOP8404, IOP8404-8 Consulting in Business, Education and Health

Consulting in businesses, schools, and mental health settings requires an array of personal skills, knowledge and information, and techniques. In this course you will learn how to develop the personal skills and understanding of consulting to give you a basis to develop a successful consulting program.

MGT7006, MGT7006-8 Advanced Topics in Organizational Behavior

Understanding how managers need to develop their interpersonal or people skills if they are going to be effective in their jobs is a critical skill. Through evaluation, comprehension, and synthesis of the concepts and constructs we examine how organizational behavior (OB) is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within an organization, and then apply that knowledge to make organizations work more effectively. Specifically, OB focuses on how to improve productivity, reduce absenteeism and turnover, and increase employee citizenship and job satisfaction. As managers accomplish their work through others, OB provides the tools for guiding the productivity of others, predicting human behavior at work and the perspectives needed to manage individuals from diverse backgrounds.

MGT7022, MGT7022-8 Advanced Topics in Organizational Development

Doctoral students in this course will synthesize and analyze present theories and research results related to organizational development. Among many topics identified, students will study organizational behavior in all sized businesses, explore group think and group behavior, and analyze structure and design of businesses for success.

Select 1 course from the following (3 credit hours):

MGT7110, MGT7110-8 Leadership in Organizations

*Prerequisites:

Fundamental requirement in General Management or fundamental Psychology courses

The course will help the student in their understanding, comprehension, and synthesis of the leadership constructs. Investigation of leadership roles, styles, philosophy, and behavior in organizations are components of this course. It also explores the qualities of leadership through the presentation of new models dealing with high performance leadership. This course presents a broad survey of theory and research on leadership in formal organizations. The key question to be answered after the completion of this course is; What makes a person an effective leader?

MGT7014, MGT7014-8 Business and Management Consulting

This doctoral level course allows those in the consulting field to advance their professional skills and conceptualize business operations. This course focuses on consultation; i.e., what it is, how it is effectively practiced, and the different forms it can take. Models for consulting in organizational settings are presented in a practical manner. It explores the process and dimensions of management consulting including identification and nature of the client system, definition of the problem(s) in establishing the contract, ethics, tools, and techniques of the consulting practice.

HRM7008, HRM7008-8 Legal Issues in Human Resources Management

This doctoral course considers the relationships that are established between employers, employees, and independent contractors based on the passage and interpretation of laws, whether at the federal, state, or local level. Policies such as employment-at-will, right to work, or termination, and other regulations can change with an act of Congress or a state legislature.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

International Business Specialization (IB)

This specialization focuses theory and research of business practices in multinational and international organizations. Students interested in international management positions and/or teaching in post-secondary institutions of higher education at home and abroad benefit from this specialization. The specialization provides students with comprehensive education and research techniques in cross-disciplinary subjects of management, law, government, diplomacy, international studies, economics, finance, and marketing. Students study international business theory, advanced qualitative and quantitative research, and problem-solving techniques related to international law, economics, marketing, and global strategic planning.

International Business Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Evaluate real world international business organization’s problems by application of qualitative, and quantitative research methodology in achieving alternative solutions, and outcomes; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for IB – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

IB7002, IB7002-8 International Business Environments

This doctoral course focuses on international business theory and applications in North America, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Latin-America, the Middle East and Africa. During this course, research will be dedicated to exploring each of these markets. Students will be assessed for their independent thinking and theoretical application to resolve complex topic research issues, and case problems. Journal articles and current research are used to present course material and guide students to develop decisions-making skills required for managers working in international business environments.

IB7012, IB7012-8 Global Economic Environment

This doctoral course covers international economic and trade theories and the role of global corporations. The global economic environment continues to pose major challenges; therefore, it is increasingly important to understand principles of international economic theory and international economic and financial governance institutions. Students will be assessed for their independent thinking and the theoretical applications to resolve complex topic research issues, and case problems.

IB7013, IB7013-8 Global Marketing Environment

A doctoral course that examines specific issues of social and cultural environments in the context of global marketing. Global marketing research and product launches are differentiated when entering overseas markets and in conducting marketing operations globally as opposed to “domestic” levels. Attention is focused on complex problem solving techniques through an examination of culture and customer differences in different parts of the world. This course also provides a new learning experience for global marketing professionals that need new methods to develop product designs and implement comprehensive marketing brand and plan strategies throughout the world.

IB7014, IB7014-8 Cultural Environment of Global Business

This doctoral course examines the theoretical and practical complexities of operating within international environments. Managing global business expansion, establishing organizational relationships and developing strategies for global operations will also be examined.

IB7016, IB7016-8 International Business Strategic Management

This doctoral course covers the strategic management decisions of multinational corporations (MNCs) to enhance success in a global economy. Students will examine decisions-making skills and situations faced by managers of MNCs to meet changes in financial and economic environments.

IB7017, IB7017-8 International Business Law & Environment

This doctoral course covers the principles, scope and basic mechanism of international law, development and practices. The impacts of international relations and the legal environment on global business will also be examined. The course incorporates major cases of emerging disputes and dispute resolution among nations over such issues as intellectual property rights, labor and trade subsidy policies. Students will be assessed for their independent thinking and the theoretical applications to resolve complex topic research issues, and case study problems.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Management Specialization

This specialization provides a conceptual overview of modern theory and practice in business management and administration. Students explore theory and research historical frameworks in today’s global business environment through management research projects. This specialization will prepare students for senior management positions in a corporate environment, higher education, government and public entities, and business consulting.

Management Specialization Learning Outcomes

  •  Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Assess management theories and practices of a business environment to formulate solutions to financial, operational, and ethical issues; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for MGT – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

MGT7000, MGT7000-8 Business Organization and Management

Doctoral students will develop rational management tools for working within an organization by understanding and analyzing various management techniques, concepts of organization, and analytical skills that are useful for effective organizations. It will provide students with a comprehensive and multidimensional understanding of decision-making, communication, and budgeting. The course also examines the responsibilities of management practices in the organization to include employee motivation, leadership, and workplace trends. Cases and experiential exercises will enhance the transfer of learning.

MGT7002, MGT7002-8 Marketing Management

We examine the comprehension, evaluation, and synthesis of concepts that are the underlying foundation of marketing theory built around environmental research, marketing strategy differentiation, the product life cycle, segmentation strategies, the marketing mix (4 P’s), and the new product cycle.

MGT7006, MGT7006-8 Organizational Behavior

Understanding how managers need to develop their interpersonal or people skills if they are going to be effective in their jobs is a critical skill. Through evaluation, comprehension, and synthesis of the concepts and constructs we examine how organizational behavior (OB) is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within an organization, and then apply that knowledge to make organizations work more effectively. Specifically, OB focuses on how to improve productivity, reduce absenteeism and turnover, and increase employee citizenship and job satisfaction. As managers accomplish their work through others, OB provides the tools for guiding the productivity of others, predicting human behavior at work and the perspectives needed to manage individuals from diverse backgrounds.

MGT7007, MGT7007-8 Strategic Management

Prerequisites:

Fundamental requirement in General Management

The concepts and constructs that are the foundation of Strategic management are the focus of the course that looks at long-term needs of an organization and the implementation or plans necessary to address those needs. The techniques can be applied to organizations of any size or in any industry and are appropriate to international and non-profit endeavors, as well as ordinary businesses, public and private. The course is designed to help students think strategically and apply that skill to a variety of situations.

MGT7009, MGT7009-8 International Business

Understanding the global forces of business and management will allow students to analyze and evaluate the underlying constructs to synthesize the concepts of international business. This course focuses on many aspects of global business, including international trade and investment, environmental and sustainability factors, politics, laws, competitive strategies, and global leadership and management.

MGT7012, MGT7012-8 Managerial Accounting for Decision Making

The constructs of Managerial Accounting emphasizes the uses of accounting data to support the activities of managers in directing the affairs of business and non-business organizations. It focuses on the needs of the manager for financial information and timely reports on the firm’s operations in order to make sound managerial decisions.

MGT7013, MGT7013-8 Entrepreneurship

This doctoral level course will help entrepreneurs and all managers create a mindset and understanding of the driving forces of new business development. This course is built on practical concepts in entrepreneurship and E-entrepreneurship.

MGT7014, MGT7014-8 Business and Management Consulting

This doctoral level course allows those in the consulting field to advance their professional skills and conceptualize business operations. This course focuses on consultation; i.e., what it is, how it is effectively practiced, and the different forms it can take. Models for consulting in organizational settings are presented in a practical manner. It explores the process and dimensions of management consulting including identification and nature of the client system, definition of the problem(s) in establishing the contract, ethics, tools, and techniques of the consulting practice.

MGT7016, MGT7016-8 Managing Change

Turbulent and dynamic environments challenge all executives in the management of the organization. This course specifically examines the different aspects of organizational change. It focuses on techniques involved in creating, managing, and sustaining change and responses to different opportunities and challenges of organizational change.

MGT7022, MGT7022-8 Organizational Development

Doctoral students in this course will synthesize and analyze present theories and research results related to organizational development. Among many topics identified, students will study organizational behavior in all sized businesses, explore group think and group behavior, and analyze structure and design of businesses for success.

MGT7023, MGT7023-8 Crisis Management

Effective communication is key for success in business. This course explores the difference between crisis and disaster, reviews the purpose of Business Continuity planning, identifies methods of analyzing a business for risk and out of that assessment, suggests how to prevent, mitigate and resolve a disaster. In order to examine these issues, the student researches scholarly and contemporary publications.

MGT7026, MGT7026-8 Effective Managerial Communications

Effective communication is key for success in business and in academia. This course will help students identify methods to successful implementation of communication methods, identification of styles of communication, and organizing processes including critical thinking and use of technology as a primary means of communication. Emphasis is placed on skills and applications required for essential and effective communication through course papers and examples presented within the course.

MGT7027, MGT7027-8 Legal Implications in Management

In this course, students will become familiar with legal principles and management, particularly their affects and outcomes in business. Laws and requirements or regulation are constantly changing and students need to be prepared in both academia and business. Through a series of case analyses and assessments, students will traverse numerous aspects of the legal implications managers face today, and how this is different from the past decades.

MGT7029, MGT7029-8 Strategic Leadership

Doctoral students in this course will explore numerous decision making requirements related to strategy and leadership. Students will focus on corporate governance, how to be a contemporary leader in a global and technological age, and how to manage succession and turnover. Students will evaluate how one becomes a successful strategic leader and how these attributes are formulated and recognized.

MGT7110, MGT7110-8 Leadership in Organizations

*Prerequisites:

Fundamental requirement in General Management or fundamental Psychology courses

The course will help the student in their understanding, comprehension, and synthesis of the leadership constructs. Investigation of leadership roles, styles, philosophy, and behavior in organizations are components of this course. It also explores the qualities of leadership through the presentation of new models dealing with high performance leadership. This course presents a broad survey of theory and research on leadership in formal organizations. The key question to be answered after the completion of this course is; What makes a person an effective leader?

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Management of Engineering and Technology Specialization

This specialization focuses on integrating practical technical experience with management theory and research. This specialization focuses on the synergism between technology and business practices to improve organizational outcomes. Research projects provide in-depth analysis of principles of productivity, quality management, productivity using technology, and environmental systems management.

Management of Engineering and Technology Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Evaluate the appropriate application and use of technologies in a variety of work environments; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for MET – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

MET7000, MET7000-8 Fundamentals of Productivity

To achieve a competitive advantage, organizations attempt to increase productivity, responsiveness, and adaptability. Problems and challenges accompany efforts directed towards achieving the highest level of productivity and efficiency. In this doctoral-level course, students will examine the productivity considerations of today’s organizations including a fluctuating economy, technological advancement, variable work volumes, and increased globalization.

MET7002, MET7002-8 Applications of Systems Theory

There is little doubt that the 21st century will bring unheralded change to the business world. A system must exhibit certain principles of interrelationships, such as wholeness or hierarchic order, to ensure the collective behaviors result in an efficient final system product. System thinking integrates the individual, team, and various departments into activities associated with organizations, environment, and strategy. The result is a more accurate representation of the organization and its environment. Situational contingencies and context influence the individual’s level of actions within the organization and the organization’s context influences the individual’s actions. This course, designed for Doctoral students, examines the application of systems theory, which focuses on complexity and interdependence.

MET7003, MET7003-8 Applications of Decision Theory

During the business day, supervisors, leaders, those on the manufacturing line, those drafting blueprints, and everyone else in the business environment are faced with making a decision. Some decisions are common and are made easily while other decisions are political, complex or require vast amounts of data to make the final decision. To make a correct a decision the person needs to follow a methodology to ensure the proper facts are considered and hidden traps of decision-making are avoided.

MET7006, MET7006-8 Operations Research

This doctoral course examines the management of operational sequences defined as the management of transformation systems that convert inputs into goods and services. Operational management activities are at the core of all business organizations. Operations management is concerned with the creation of goods and services, which embodies the collection of design knowledge, planning, operation executing, forecasting, assuring quality, scheduling, motivating employees, and the control of systems that convert inputs to outputs.

MET7015, MET7015-8 The Impact and Process Optimization of Technology

Organizational learning occurs through experiences that improve the organization’s performance. Leaders improve performance through the improvement of processes. Business technology infusion is comparable to process improvement areas such as strategic planning, decision-making, measurement, and analysis. Process improvement is not possible unless the management of the organization understands the current technology and determines the technology direction. This factor is important before any organizational assessment, diagnosis, or improvement consideration is possible. Once established, the organization can begin the evaluation of its processes against external impacts. This course, designed for doctoral students, examines how people skills, processes, and machines act as current technology tools. Enhancements to these skills, processes, and machines cause technology adjustments. Technology enhancements, such as a change, cause core technology adjustments. As core technology changes, organizational technology improves its level of capability becoming an organizational optimization.

MET7020, MET7020-8 Strategic Technology Management

The primary question for a strategic manager of innovation and technology is where to look for opportunities. Since business accepts change as a constant and is likely accepting change at a more rapid rate in the 21st century, one potential opportunity area is customer expectations and demands for the organization’s products while looking for the disruptions in the product development process. The product development process is a cycle where innovation leads to productivity, productivity leads to intensified competition, and intensified competition leads to innovation. This Doctoral level course examines how technology is the identification, description, and explanation of needs resolved for business and industry applications. It is important to realize is that technology evolves from implementation modifications due to customer feedback. This evolution is a trajectory of needs.

MET7029, MET7029-8 Enterprise Project Management

A strategic plan is an intended course of action created prior to executing said course of action. Leaders establish direction; however, followers encounter potential issues in interpreting the intentions. Project leaders manage by information, by working through people, and by action. Effective communication is critical to the success of leaders of information. Leaders who manage through empowered personnel are usually successful as well. Leaders who manage through action are directly involved in decision making and implementation of strategic plans. This Doctoral level course examines the three strategies of project management. A collaborative and iterative approach must be maintained by leadership throughout the organization to successfully execute the plan.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Management Information Systems Specialization

This specialization combines and applies the components of both computer systems and management disciplines. The focus is using LAN/WAN/Database systems to enhance the management process and business outcomes, applying contemporary research and current theories in the MIS field.

Management Information Systems Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Assess Management Information Systems based on different business scenarios; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for MIS – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

MIS7000, MIS7000-8 Information Technology Management

This doctoral course provides a basic understanding of the value and uses of information systems (IS) for business operations, management decision-making, and strategic advantage with a focus on eBusiness. The course concentrates on providing the tools needed for mastery of the information systems concepts and terms, which are important to end user managers. This course is designed for students who want an overview of information business applications that can be deployed and managed across a broad spectrum. This course, thus, provides a synthesis regarding the ways in which information technology (IT) managers may use various resources to improve business performances to achieve organizational goals.

MIS7002, MIS7002-8 Database Administration and Management

This course will encourage database administration and management personnel such as executives, strategic planners, network and information technology (IT) and system (IS) managers and scientists, data archivists, corporate librarians and information managers, systems integrators, and consultants to enhance their knowledge of the process of data collection, conversion, and migration. This course will present to students how data models align with the overall scope of business operations, which include hiring and forming strategic partnerships with knowledge workers.

MIS7003, MIS7003-8 Information Technology Decision Support

This doctoral course provides a professional understanding of the value and uses of information systems for business collaborations, management decision-making. This course is designed for students who desire to understand collaboration, decision support systems, and executive information systems from a business perspective. This course provides with a synthesis regarding the ways in which the students can utilize decision support systems to improve corporate competitiveness within the global marketplace. The course concentrates on providing the tools needed for mastery of decision support systems concepts and terms, which are important for all senior executives and stakeholders.

MIS7004, MIS7004-8 IT Data Communications Management

Prerequisites:

MIS5004 or equivalent or permission of the Dean of the School of Business and Technology

This course presents the technical, economic, social, and management issues involved in building network architectures to deliver reliable, consistent, low cost information transmission services. Those who manage corporate network equipment and facilities will understand the theory behind, and application of, data communication principles.

MIS7005, MIS7005-8 IT Network Architecture

This course provides a professional understanding of the value and uses of information systems architectures and processes aimed to improve the overall performances of an organization. This course is designed for students who want an overview of designing an enterprise architecture, computer networks, systems applications, and information systems processes. This course provides students with a synthesis regarding the ways in which technologists might develop an enterprise network architecture to improve application accessibility, data storage, and management, communications, and business processes. The course concentrates on providing the tools needed for mastery of enterprise network architecture concepts and terms, which are important for all managers who communicate with technologists about business-related planning that aims to improve enterprise network systems.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Marketing Specialization (MKT)

This specialization focuses on marketing management and research, including managing the entire scope of product life cycle for domestic and international marketing. The specialization provides strategies for a sound, systematic, ethical, and legal approach to contemporary marketing practices and research theory.

Marketing Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Develop a systems approach to marketing; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for MKT – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

MGT7002, MGT7002-8 Marketing Management

We examine the comprehension, evaluation, and synthesis of concepts that are the underlying foundation of marketing theory built around environmental research, marketing strategy differentiation, the product life cycle, segmentation strategies, the marketing mix (4 P’s), and the new product cycle.

MKT7000, MKT7000-8 Strategic Service Marketing

This Doctoral level course will prepare students in the understanding of service marketing theory. These concepts provide the foundation necessary to examine the components of formulating service dominant logic. Through investigative research, aspects of theory development are identified and new theories are formulated. The research work developed through this course is suitable for an initial concept paper, research study, or for journal publication in order to further prepare the doctoral student.

MKT7001, MKT7001-8 Strategic Sales Force Management

This doctoral course explores how to define consumer responses to fit market targets and investigates market segmentation to improve overall goal performance. The role of the sales force is expanding greatly as a result of economic and competitive pressures and social and cultural changes in markets. Salespeople are often engaged in consultative relationships with their customers. The student will explore strategic sales force management issues, organizing, staffing, and training a sales force, directing sales force operations, including the analysis of motivational issues, sales planning, and evaluating sales performance. In addition, the ethical and legal responsibilities of sales managers will be covered. A variety of learning methods, including case studies will prepare students for career opportunities in sales force management.

MKT7002, MKT7002-8 Customer Relationship Management Strategies

The manner in which a company develops and manages customer relationships has evolved over the past two decades. This Doctoral level course explores strategies to develop and align customer, channel, brand, and relationship strategies to ensure that Customer Relationship Management (CRM) projects are effectively managed. Customers’ needs, preferences, and behavior are analyzed so that the insight gained can be utilized to design better ways of interacting with customers or market segments. CRM strategies in communications, government, manufacturing, resources, and retail are examined. CRM processes are analyzed to determine the impact on the overall profitability of the company.

MKT7003, MKT7003-8 Advertising and Promotion Strategies

Changes in industry, business operations and consumer behaviors lead to transformations in advertising and promotion. This course focuses on the effective use of integrated marketing communications programs and processes. Students will analyze the communications process, evaluate objectives and budgeting for promotional programs, explore creative strategies for planning and developing advertising, measure the effectiveness of promotional programs, and examine regulatory issues and the social, ethical, and economic aspects of advertising and promotion. A variety of learning methods including case studies, research papers, and promotion plans prepares students for numerous career opportunities in marketing communications and advertising.

MKT7100, MKT7100-8 Consumer Behavior Theory and Practice

This doctoral course explores how to define consumer responses to fit market targets and investigates market segmentation to improve overall goal performance. Customer behavior theory examines the applications of creating theoretical constructs incorporating marketing dominant logic, customer lifetime value models, and new analytical methods to develop and design consumer response systems. Customer loyalty and satisfaction are measures to help assess impacts of various new marketing strategies using techniques and scales to create improved consumer results. Developing new promotional methods for practical customer practice provides marketing professionals advanced tools to design enhanced service performance and tangible sales programs.

MKT7101, MKT7101-8 Brand and Product Management

This Doctoral level course incorporates product and brand strategies into a comprehensive management platform for understanding how to create the best marketing plans using an optimal marketing mix. Brand development focuses on image and equity coupled with product management. Creating new concepts and constructs requires best practices and a balance between plan requirements and brand needs in order to develop optimal marketing results. This course provides a new learning experience for marketing professionals in need of current methods to develop product designs and implement comprehensive marketing strategies.

MKT7104, MKT7104-8 Advanced Ethical and Legal Cases and Applications in Marketing

Using research methods for defining and analyzing marketing characteristics, this course provides a review of techniques to define and identify best qualitative research measures. Using Excel-based tools can help provide results through heuristic investigation. Aspects of social research along with an introduction of text analysis offers training in refining specific research targets and creating rationale for further investigation into product, promotion, place and price decisions. Qualitative research creates face validity to explaining marketing phenomena worthy of further pursuits. This course reviews both techniques and theory to create best planning assumptions and cases needed for marketing implementation.

MKT7105, MKT7105-8 Qualitative Marketing Research Theory

Using research methods for defining and analyzing marketing characteristics, MKT7105 provides a review of techniques to define and identify best qualitative research measures. Using Excel based tools can help provide results through heuristic investigation. Aspects of social research along with an introduction of text analysis offers training in refining specific research targets and creating rationale for further investigation into product, promotion, place and price decisions. Qualitative research creates face validity to explaining marketing phenomena worthy of further pursuits. MKT7105 review both techniques and theory to create best planning assumptions and cases needed for marketing implementation.

MKT7106, MKT7106-8 Quantitative Marketing Research Methods and Techniques

Marketing Research requires using quantitative tools that identify growth opportunities, utilize scarce resources efficiently, determine best segments, optimally position products, and create new products that fit customer demand. New marketing initiatives need economic justification that enable professionals to clearly make strategic decisions offering best choice options for improved performance. The student will use a series of analytical tools to solve various decision problems using a unique software product to pinpoint better decision frameworks.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Organizational Leadership Specialization (Interdisciplinary)

This specialization serves to enhance the understanding and practice of organizational leadership using an interdisciplinary approach between business and education theory and research. The focus of this specialization is to provide the student with a theoretical research approach to strategic planning in all phases of organizational leadership including building organization capacity and sustainability. This interdisciplinary specialization appeals to professionals in business administration, human resources, non-profit administration, and related fields, whose professional goal may be organizational consulting or a senior leadership position in corporate, government, not-for-profit, educational or community organizations.

Organizational Leadership Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Assess appropriate strategies for guiding an organization in a variety of business environments; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for OL – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

OL7001, OL7001-8 Conflict Resolution and Mediation

Dealing with conflict is an inevitable part of any leader’s role in any type of organization. Timely and relevant, this course examines conflict management processes and skills with emphasis on interaction patterns, interpersonal relationships, and communication skills. Students will examine the nature of conflict – its origins, sources, and types – as well as the concepts and skills of proactive intervention, conflict resolution and utilizing various conflict resolution strategies in organizational settings. Issues dealing with diversity and ethical issues in multiple contexts, fostering creativity in problem solving and process design, and strategy and skills for successful mediation will be examined. Theory, structure, and practice of collaborative negotiation and mediated negotiations and application of the skills used to prevent and resolve conflict are emphasized.

OL7002, OL7002-8 Building Organizational Capacity

There are numerous definitions for the phrase “capacity building” within educational and leadership literature. For the purpose of this Doctoral level course, the term “building organizational capacity” will be used to describe a parallel universe, where both the students’ capacity and the organization’s capacity must be developed to achieve organizational goals. Students will analyze their own organization to assess internal and external capacity, reviewing all tangible and intangible portions of the organization to understand their individual and collective impact on achieving maximum effectiveness and productivity. Simultaneously, students will also critically evaluate their own role within the organization as it relates to building capacity.

OL7003, OL7003-8 Leadership for Excellence

This Doctoral level course will benefit students who understand that striving for leadership excellence is a life journey. It is predicated upon studying, practicing, and developing leadership skills and competencies. This process involves an intensive examination of personal and organizational leadership abilities and capacities. Students will deepen their philosophy of leadership which serves as the foundation for applying the knowledge and skill sets acquired through their specialization and degree program. The development and implementation of leadership concepts, applications, and frameworks to drive leadership performance for excellence are highlighted. The continued and increasingly successful application of the knowledge, tools, skill sets, and perspectives that have been learned will also be emphasized.

OL7004, OL7004-8 Theory and Practice of Organizational Leadership

Leadership theory spans academic disciplines and draws as much from artistry of relationships as it does from writings and reflections of leadership as an applied science. Students of leadership gain as much from the experiences of others, as they do from studies of attributes of successful leaders and organizations. Through coursework, course readings, case analyses and personal reflection, students will examine in-depth leadership theories and their applications in current organizational settings. This course incorporates the student’s experiences and observations regarding leadership from their personal and professional experiences and current work setting.

OL7005, OL7005-8 Ethical Leadership

Leadership is not an event, but is a process that takes time. In this course, students gain a deep understanding of the complexity of such moral dilemmas through critical analysis and application of ethical principles. Both hypothetical and real ethical scenarios and decisions will be critically considered and discussed with the focus on the student building practical decision making skills in the organizational environment and the understanding the criteria by which the soundness of those decisions are to be judged. Interpersonal dynamics operating within an organizational structure and the systemic nature of such structures is examined. Students examine their own ethical profile, and how it impacts their communication with individuals and groups. This process includes oral, print and electronic communications.

OL7007, OL7007-8 Leader as Coach

As organizations are increasingly required to be innovative, leaders are called upon to use a broader repertoire of skills to maximize internal human potential. Coaching skills and the theories from which they derive draw upon such interdisciplinary fields as organizational development, humanistic psychology and dialogue and systems theory. Through coursework, course readings, case analyses, field experience and personal reflection, Doctoral students will examine in-depth coaching principles and theories along with their applications in leadership roles. This course incorporates the student’s experiences and observations regarding leadership from both personal and professional environments.

OL7008, OL7008-8 Executive Leadership in Nonprofit Organizations

This course provides leaders in not for profit organizations with an understanding of the pivotal role they play in the organization and how to approach, manage and lead strategic decision-making, including strategic planning, board development and governance, ethics, and community relations.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Project Management Specialization

This specialization explores research and development of principles, concepts, tools, and techniques to improve project performance and organizational effectiveness. Students examine all aspects of managing and overseeing business projects, including cost estimates, budget management, cost control, risk assessment, bid negotiation and contracts, and performance reporting critical to the success of any enterprise. The specialization focuses on theoretical application of research to management, leadership and team building in the project/program environment.

Project Management Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Formulate through research project concepts and theories for application to a project environment; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for PM – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

MET7029, MET7029-8 Enterprise Project Management

A strategic plan is an intended course of action created prior to executing said course of action. Leaders establish direction; however, followers encounter potential issues in interpreting the intentions. Project leaders manage by information, by working through people, and by action. Effective communication is critical to the success of leaders of information. Leaders who manage through empowered personnel are usually successful as well. Leaders who manage through action are directly involved in decision making and implementation of strategic plans. This Doctoral level course examines the three strategies of project management. A collaborative and iterative approach must be maintained by leadership throughout the organization to successfully execute the plan.

PM7000, PM7000-8 Project Procurement Management

Doctoral students will examine strategies and materials necessary for the project team to perform their mission. This final assessment will incorporate contract management and the change control processes required to administer contracts or purchase orders.

PM7004, PM7004-8 Project Risk Management

This doctoral course examines project risk management planning strategies. students will identify, analyze, and suggest responses to processes regarding monitoring and control. Students will be evaluated on response to discussion questions, subject matter related to the activity and evaluated based on written research papers.

PM7008, PM7008-8 Project Monitoring and Control

In this course the doctoral student will explore the components of project monitoring and control measures to identify variances from the project plan.  Students will assess project monitoring and the controls to be applied from a more theoretical viewpoint. The student will be researching theorists and key implementers in the field. Corrective actions will be formulated in a final assessment project.

PM7012, PM7012-8 Multiple Project Management

This doctoral course provides strategies from industries responsible for management of multiple projects. Students will utilize multi-project management tools, techniques and methods need to successfully manage allocated resources across various projects. Students will be evaluated on response to discussion questions, subject matter related to the activity and evaluated based on written research papers.

PM7016, PM7016-8 Managerial Budgets and Project Management

Budgets provide an accurate measurement of the authorized work physically accomplished plus a status of the management’s budget for the completed work. This course presents the budgeting for a project and one tool that can be applied to measure project progress: the Earned Value Management technique. Earned value will be examined in this course as an effective technique to manage project budgets and express project progress.

PM7020, PM7020-8 Developing High Performing Teams in a Project Management Environment

This doctoral course focuses on developing high performing teams to mitigate people problems in the project management environment. Students will be assessed on their ability to research, conceptualize, and mitigate human capital problems and issues.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

Public Administration Specialization

This specialization focuses on research related to government and public agency budgeting, government relations, public personnel policy management, political systems, and urban planning. Curriculum emphasizes strategic planning including contemporary program evaluation, complex public organizations, and environmental compliance, along with strategies needed to meet the challenges in government management at the local, state and federal levels.

Public Administration Specialization Learning Outcomes

  • Formulate research dissertations that contribute  scholarly solutions business issues, problems, and challenges within the global society;
  • Design, organize and produce subject matter data analysis and findings for final publication and dissemination to business or policy administrators, students and journals; and
  • Apply skills related to accessing, evaluating, and preparing scholarly materials in print and electronic forms as related to business in general and to the student’s specialization.

PhD Specialization Courses for PUB – 15 credit hours

Select 5 courses from the following list (15 credit hours):

HRM7000, HRM7000-8 Human Resources Management

This Doctoral level course focuses on the development of the human resource function in organizations. While understanding and management of human behavior within organizations is necessary for optimal organizational effectiveness and individual performance, strategic planning to achieve organizational goals through the human resource function is recognized.

PUB7000, PUB7000-8 Public Administration

This doctoral course provides the student an opportunity to examine major ideas, developments, and figures in the field of American public administration. The course utilizes a historical approach to understanding the contextual influences of thinkers and movements related to public administration. Doctoral students will compare and contrast historical and current trends, and analyze the development of modern public administration and conditions affecting social, political, and applied management theories.

PUB7002, PUB7002-8 Administrative Law

This doctoral course is a survey in administrative law, with the principal focus being on state and federal laws. Course objectives include the synthesis and evaluation of administrative due process, adjudication, judicial review actions, and the Freedom of Information Act. Students will be assessed on demonstrated proficiency shown through PowerPoint presentations and research papers.

PUB7003, PUB7003-8 Urban Politics

This doctoral course examines key issues in urban politics.  Student will address problems, issues and solutions regarding governance, urban expansion, race, ethnicity, and culture. Students will examine reform measures to address current and future urban political issues.

PUB7004, PUB7004-8 Urban and Regional Planning

Prerequisites:

Fundamental requirement in General Management

This is a doctoral course in planning with an integrated overview of the theory, processes and practices of modern strategic planning in the public and nonprofit sectors. Contemporary strategies, techniques and tactics will be explored with a focus on the application of theory and a customer orientation. This course is designed to provide a conceptual framework and develop conceptual skills that will help students understand the role of marketing within the broader scope of institutional planning and decision-making.

PUB7005, PUB7005-8 Public Budgeting and Finance

*Prerequisites:

Fundamental requirement in General Management

Budgets and financial resources are integral components of most management decisions, especially within governmental entities. This doctoral level course will examine budget formulation, implementation and execution systems, including local government financial statements; use of modern financial management technology, analysis and recommendation of improvements in governmental financial management.  Budgeting and finance at the federal level differ from processes at the state, county, and local levels. Students will evaluate both managerial practices and politics that form budgeting and finance at the federal, state, and local levels of government.

PUB7012, PUB7012-8 Technology in Public Administration

This doctoral course explores the impact of information technology on public administration. The role of technology and the Internet in improving government operations and service delivery are the focus of the course. Students will analyze and examine key benefits, including access to government information and transactions, citizen participation, homeland and national security missions, inter and intra-agency communications, and intergovernmental communications. Students will also examine technology compliance issues regarding federal laws.

PUB7014, PUB7014-8 The U.S. Federal Government

In this Doctoral level course, students will explore the organization, function, operation, and politics of the United States Federal government. Students will examine the foundations and historical events of federalism by assessing each of the three major branches of the federal system. Students will examine the issues of liberty and civil rights as they relate to the political process. Finally, students will evaluate the role of campaigns, media, and interest groups which impact the government.

**Electives selected on the initial degree plan can be changed with a request to an Academic Advisor.

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